Riga’s stunning art nouveau architecture
While planning a trip to Latvia’s capital, I was very surprised to read that the historic center of Latvia boasts the largest collection of art nouveau buildings in Europe.
I have lived in both Prague and Vienna and both cities impress visitors with their stunning art nouveau architecture. The work of Czech artist Alphonse Mucha is even credited with initiating the movement, so I was surprised to learn that it was actually Riga offering the widest range of buildings in this whimsical and beautiful style.
Art nouveau, also known as Jugendstil (from German) or Liberty (the name used in Italy), was most popular at the turn of the 20th century.
The height of its popularity happens to coincide with a major development project in Riga. Between 1896 and 1913, the city expanded outside the boundaries of the medieval center.
This urban planning effort resulted in a new circle of pleasant parks surrounded with new housing constructed in what was soon to become the city’s ubiquitous art nouveau style. Riga’s new constructions were mainly created by German, Austrian and Finnish architects.
Following the failed 1905 revolution, a wave of nationalism swept through Riga. The art nouveau style was affected, too, with distinctly Latvian design elements – such as Latvian folk elements and local building materials – finding their way into building projects. The movement was known as National Romanticism.
In 1997, Riga was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site, in part for what UNESCO calls Riga’s “outstanding universal value by virtue of the quality and the quantity of its Art Nouveau/Jugendstil architecture, which is unparalleled anywhere in the world.”
Admire this elegant, artistic architecture for yourself on your next visit to lovely Riga.
And if you want more Baltic travel tips, take a look at my earlier post on Vilnius and Trakai, in neighboring Lithuania.
I didn’t know this either! I lived in Brussels for a while and loved the Jugenstil facades, and Gaudi’s wild work in Barcelona. But I didn’t realise Riga was so rich – I have a friend from there and must go visit!
You’d enjoy it, Catherine. You’ll definitely have to visit your friend – it’s an interesting city. We liked neighboring Vilnius, too, and I’m dying to see Tallinn. Just avoid the winter!
Very interesting post, Kimberly… 🙂
I’ve visiting Riga twice – as 16 year old handball player 35 years ago and about 10 years ago on a long weekend – I have to do it again soon… 🙂
Must have been interesting seeing the city back in the USSR and then as an independent country. Great city, isn’t it? Who won at handball? : )
Neat. I just love all the pictures you post of these places. One day, I’ll get there! 🙂 Great post!
Thanks, Chantel! You never know, maybe you’ll have a book tour in the Baltics one day. : )
Fascinating post and great photos. Had no idea Riga was known for Jugendstil.
Thanks, Chris! Yes, it was a discovery for me, too. Another great excuse to travel and learn, eh? : )
Yes, Julia. It’s a fun city because you’re always looking up to see the details…