Latina, Lazio, ItalyIn the midst of a recent, stressful home move, I had to take a break from boxes to drive my eight-year-old down to a state competition (provinciale) for sprinting south of Rome, in the small city of Latina, in southern Lazio.

My little one placed first in the 400-meter competition, making me awfully proud, and we also had time for a walk around Latina – a city with an interesting (recent) history.

For those who love English and American literature, you’ll be interested to know that the infamous ‘Roman Fever’ had its origins in this region. Foreign tourists in 19th century Rome would sometimes succumb to this so-called Roman Fever.

Remember Henry James’ Daisy Miller? Out in the evening in the chilly air to admire the Colosseum with a (scandal!) handsome Italian man, she comes down with the Roman Fever and soon after dies.

Latina, Lazio, ItalyAs you probably surmised, the Fever had nothing to do with indecorous outings with handsome local men in the evenings. Instead, the swamplands south of Rome (around modern-day Latina) were the breeding grounds of the anopheles mosquito, a carrier of malaria.

Malaria affected Rome, and it certainly affected the region of southern Lazio (known as Pontino), which – for obvious reasons- was very sparsely populated at the time.

Drainage project in the Pontino
Drainage project in the Pontino

One of Benito Mussolini’s large public works was the bonifica – the draining- of the swampland around what would become Latina. The project was enormous, and many workers died of malaria while carrying out the drainage.

As part of the project, many Australian eucalyptus trees were planted, since they are known for absorbing water from the ground. They still dominate the local landscape. Foreign species of fish were introduced to the region to eat the mosquito eggs. Unfortunately, the unintended consequence was that they also managed to damage the zone’s rich biodiversity, including some local species of fish that are almost extinct now.

Founding of Latina, 1932Nevertheless, the project had a tremendous impact on the region, which became a fertile agricultural zone and attracted many residents, particularly from northern Italy (the Veneto and Friuli regions).

On June 30, 1932, the town of Littoria (the name was later changed to Latina) was founded by Benito Mussolini (see photo at left).

The Fascist architecture – known as rationalist style- was designed by many of the well-known architects of the period. The main square looks very much the same today. The town’s motto is in Latin – Latina olim palus (Latina, once a swamp).

Latina, Lazio, ItalyThere is not that much to see in modern Latina, but it’s worth a walk to see this city built on the drained swampland and still filled with interesting Fascist-era architecture if you’re passing by on your way to nearby destinations, such as the beaches at Sperlonga or Sabaudia  or other points south of Rome.

And – literature fans – you can even see the place of origin of the carriers of the famous ‘Roman Fever’… luckily eliminated long ago.

So ladies, unlike poor Daisy, you’re now safe to walk around after dark with handsome Roman men without being struck down with the dreaded Roman Fever…

Old poster for Latina (when it was still known as Littoria)
Old poster for Latina (when it was still known as Littoria)